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Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire Named after its founder Osman Bey, the Ottomans were settled as a tribe in Sogut at the beginning of the great 600 hundred-year-old Empire.

OSMAN BEY was born around 1258, the son of Ertugrul Gazi. In 1284 the Anatolian Seldjuk Sultan recognised Osman Bey as chief of the tribe. At the same time Anatolian Seldjuks were in the decline period and could not resist the attacks of Ilhanlis, Cengis Khans sons in Iran. This tragic situation held the people and tribes in Anatolia in a very chaotic and unstable mood. Anatolian Seldjukian Sultan, Giyaseddin Mesut II was in confidence with Osman Bey by positioning him as the ruler of the border tribe.

Byzantium was bored with struggles for the throne and being attacked by the Balkan princes and kings. The Greek Beys named as "Tekfurs" were not obedient to the Empire and the habitants were unhappy with high taxes. Osman Bey used this poor Byzantine condition and invaded the Greek Tekhfurs' cities of Karacahisar, Bilecik,Yarhisar and Inegol . On the other hand, the success of Osman encouraged Anatolian Seldjuk Sultan, Alaaddin III. He gave the cities Inonu and Eskisehir under the rule of Osman in 1289. When Alaaddin III was taken to Iran and killed by the Ilhanli Sultan Mahmut Gazan Han, the lack of authority in Anatolian Seldjuk caused the Ottomans independence in 1300 and Osman Bey coined his money.

In 1301, Yenisehir and Kopruhisar were conquered and Byzantine Yenisehir became the Ottoman's capital. The progress of Osman Bey in order to create a powerful state, made Tekhfurs and Byzantine Empire join forces against him. Tekhfurs of Bursa, Orhaneli and Kestel attacked the Ottomans at "Koyunhisar" in 1302 which was known as the first war between Byzantines and the Ottomans ended with the victory of the Ottomans. Bursa was surrounded step by step after the battle. The city was given by its tekhfur in 1326 to Orhan Bey , the son of Osman Bey.

Osman Bey died in 1326 and was buried in Bursa at "Gumuslu Kumbet"

See Also...
Abdulhamit 2
Abdulmecid I
Ahmet I
Ankara Battle
Balkan War
British Settlement In Egypt
Bulgaria Kingdom
Caldiran War
Conquest Of Edirne
Conquest Of Istanbul
Egypt Rebellion
Ertugrul Gazi
Fatih Sultan Mehmet
Foundation Of The Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kabakci Mustafa Event
Kanuni Sultan Suleyman
Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kosova Battle
Kosovo Battle I
London Convention
Mahmut 2
Mehmet 6 Vahdettin
Mehmet Sultan
Mehmet V Resat
Mercidabik War
Murat 1
Murat 2
Murat Sultan
Murat V
Mustafa I
Mustafa Iv
Nigbolu Battle
Orhan Bey
Osman Bey
Ottoman Austria
Ottoman Crete
Ottoman Crimean War
Ottoman Egypt Rebellion
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire Decline
Ottoman Empire History
Ottoman Empire Military
Ottoman Empire Russia War
Ottoman Empire Sultan
Ottoman Empire Timeline
Ottoman Empire Timeline Murat 1
Ottoman Empire Wars
Ottoman Habsburg Wars
Ottoman Iran Wars
Ottoman Persia Wars
Ottoman Persian Wars
Ottoman Poland
Ottoman Russia Relations
Ottoman Russian War
Ottoman Sultan
Ottoman Sultan And Ottoman Wars
Ottoman Sultan Nayezid
Ottoman Sultan Osman
Ottoman Sultans
Ottoman Tunisia Occupation
Ottoman Venice
Ottoman Victory
Ottoman War
Ottoman Wars
Ottomans And Osman Bey
Ottomans Mehmet
Ridaniye War
Second Siege Of Vienna
Seizure Of Egypt
Sirpsindigi Battle
Straits Protocol
Sultan Ahmet 2
Sultan Bayezid
Sultan Mehmet 3
Sultan Murat 3
Sultan Murat 4
Sultan Mustafa
Sultan Nayezid
Sultan Osman
Sultan Osman 2
Sultan Selim
Sultan Selim 1
Sultan Selim 2
Sultan Suleyman 2
The Treaty Of Tilsit
The War Of Tripoli
Treaty Of Bucharest
Treaty Of Edirne
Treaty Of Paris
Varna Battle
World War