Ottoman Empire Decline : Ottoman Empire Ottoman History Ottoman Sultans Austria Turkey


ABDULAZIZ (1861-1876)

Educated and raised under his brother Abdulmecid I’s protection, Abdulaziz had the opportunity to observe the administration before his reign. When he was enthroned at the age of 31, he declared that he would support for the reformers –which was encouraged “The Young Ottoman Movement” among the intellectuals to equalise the Ottomans with the European nations by adopting western political institutions with a centralised government, a written constitution and elected parliament consisting of both Muslims and non-Muslims.

The Ottomans borrowed heavily from Britain and France during the Crimean War for the first time and had to contract new loans to pay the interest on older ones which caused a financial problem among the parts during the reign of Abdulaziz. In addition to Abdulaziz’s weakness that brought the Empire to the edge of bankruptcy, the uprisings in Balkans and the autonomy of Crete in 1867 accelerated the intellectual movement and Abdulaziz was dethroned by a legal opinion obtained by Mithat Pasha, the minister close to the aims of the Young Ottomans and Huseyin Avni Pasha in 1876. Murat IV hold the throne.

Abdulaziz killed himself on the 5th day of his dethronement. He was buried in the mausoleum of his father Mahmut II.

MURAT V (1876-93 days)

The first born prince of Abdulmecid I, Murat V was well educated and had the opportunity to observe Europe during the journeys with his uncle Abdulaziz as a youngster and was impressed by the stirrings of freedom and liberal reformers and was also the hope for the Young Ottomans.

Unfortunately, the mental instability of Murat V prevented him from governing the Empire and he was dethroned by a legal opinion of Seyhulislam and his brother, Abdulhamit II ascended the throne, promising the Young Ottomans the empire’s first Parliament to be opened.

Murat V was imprisoned with his family in the Ciragan Palace and died in 1904.

ABDULHAMIT II (1876-1909)

When Murat V was dethroned due to his mental condition, Abdulhamit II ascended the throne with the approval of Mithat Pasha, compromising a constitutional regime. The first constitution including religious liberty, freedom of expression was accepted in December 23, 1876.

See Also...
Abdulhamit 2
Abdulmecid I
Ahmet I
Ankara Battle
Balkan War
British Settlement In Egypt
Bulgaria Kingdom
Caldiran War
Conquest Of Edirne
Conquest Of Istanbul
Egypt Rebellion
Ertugrul Gazi
Fatih Sultan Mehmet
Foundation Of The Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kabakci Mustafa Event
Kanuni Sultan Suleyman
Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kosova Battle
Kosovo Battle I
London Convention
Mahmut 2
Mehmet 6 Vahdettin
Mehmet Sultan
Mehmet V Resat
Mercidabik War
Murat 1
Murat 2
Murat Sultan
Murat V
Mustafa I
Mustafa Iv
Nigbolu Battle
Orhan Bey
Osman Bey
Ottoman Austria
Ottoman Crete
Ottoman Crimean War
Ottoman Egypt Rebellion
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire Decline
Ottoman Empire History
Ottoman Empire Military
Ottoman Empire Russia War
Ottoman Empire Sultan
Ottoman Empire Timeline
Ottoman Empire Timeline Murat 1
Ottoman Empire Wars
Ottoman Habsburg Wars
Ottoman Iran Wars
Ottoman Persia Wars
Ottoman Persian Wars
Ottoman Poland
Ottoman Russia Relations
Ottoman Russian War
Ottoman Sultan
Ottoman Sultan And Ottoman Wars
Ottoman Sultan Nayezid
Ottoman Sultan Osman
Ottoman Sultans
Ottoman Tunisia Occupation
Ottoman Venice
Ottoman Victory
Ottoman War
Ottoman Wars
Ottomans And Osman Bey
Ottomans Mehmet
Ridaniye War
Second Siege Of Vienna
Seizure Of Egypt
Sirpsindigi Battle
Straits Protocol
Sultan Ahmet 2
Sultan Bayezid
Sultan Mehmet 3
Sultan Murat 3
Sultan Murat 4
Sultan Mustafa
Sultan Nayezid
Sultan Osman
Sultan Osman 2
Sultan Selim
Sultan Selim 1
Sultan Selim 2
Sultan Suleyman 2
The Treaty Of Tilsit
The War Of Tripoli
Treaty Of Bucharest
Treaty Of Edirne
Treaty Of Paris
Varna Battle
World War