Sultan Selim, ottoman wars : Ottoman Empire Ottoman History Ottoman Sultans Austria Turkey

Caldiran War

SELIM I (1512-1520) “The Grim” –Yavuz

After Selim I took over the throne he executed his brothers Ahmet and Korkut and the grand vizier (vezir-i azam) Koca Mustafa Pasha in 1513.

Selim I prefered campaigning to Asia. He considered Shah Ismail as the treaty of the Ottomans from the times of his father but he did not convinced Bayezid II . While he was in throne, he attacked Shah Ismail of the Safevid Dynasty of Iran.

The Battle of Caldiran ( Chalderan) took place in the eastern Anatolia, near lake Van in 1514, ended by the Ottoman’s victory. The ottomans entered Tabriz. On the other hand, he was in conscious that the Iranian Empire was under the protection of Mamluke sultan of Egypt, Kansu Gavri. In order to solve this problem, he had to attack Syria and Egypt.

Mercidabik War (1516)

The two forces met at Mercidabik and the Egyptian army was destroyed with its ruler.

Ridaniye War (1517)

After his two victories, Selim I, spent the winter in Syria and started his attacks on Egypt with the coming of the spring. The two armies met in Cairo in a bloody struggle. The Ottomans took Cairo and Egypt was conquered. The key of the Muslim’s sacred places were given to the Ottomans, with Hejaz and Yemen area.

He captured the last puppet Abbasid caliph and in 1518 took him back to Istanbul. After that he recognised as the guardian of Mecca and Medina the Muslim’s holy cities and the Ottoman sultans adopted the title “caliph” from then until the foundation of “Turkiye”.

Barbarossa, the famous seaman in the Mediterranean accepted the Ottoman’s suzerainty during the time of Selim II.

Selim II died from an illness in 1520 and was buried in Istanbul. He enlarged enormously the lands of the Empire in his short 8-year reign

See Also...
Abdulhamit 2
Abdulmecid I
Ahmet I
Ankara Battle
Balkan War
British Settlement In Egypt
Bulgaria Kingdom
Caldiran War
Conquest Of Edirne
Conquest Of Istanbul
Egypt Rebellion
Ertugrul Gazi
Fatih Sultan Mehmet
Foundation Of The Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kabakci Mustafa Event
Kanuni Sultan Suleyman
Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kosova Battle
Kosovo Battle I
London Convention
Mahmut 2
Mehmet 6 Vahdettin
Mehmet Sultan
Mehmet V Resat
Mercidabik War
Murat 1
Murat 2
Murat Sultan
Murat V
Mustafa I
Mustafa Iv
Nigbolu Battle
Orhan Bey
Osman Bey
Ottoman Austria
Ottoman Crete
Ottoman Crimean War
Ottoman Egypt Rebellion
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire Decline
Ottoman Empire History
Ottoman Empire Military
Ottoman Empire Russia War
Ottoman Empire Sultan
Ottoman Empire Timeline
Ottoman Empire Timeline Murat 1
Ottoman Empire Wars
Ottoman Habsburg Wars
Ottoman Iran Wars
Ottoman Persia Wars
Ottoman Persian Wars
Ottoman Poland
Ottoman Russia Relations
Ottoman Russian War
Ottoman Sultan
Ottoman Sultan And Ottoman Wars
Ottoman Sultan Nayezid
Ottoman Sultan Osman
Ottoman Sultans
Ottoman Tunisia Occupation
Ottoman Venice
Ottoman Victory
Ottoman War
Ottoman Wars
Ottomans And Osman Bey
Ottomans Mehmet
Ridaniye War
Second Siege Of Vienna
Seizure Of Egypt
Sirpsindigi Battle
Straits Protocol
Sultan Ahmet 2
Sultan Bayezid
Sultan Mehmet 3
Sultan Murat 3
Sultan Murat 4
Sultan Mustafa
Sultan Nayezid
Sultan Osman
Sultan Osman 2
Sultan Selim
Sultan Selim 1
Sultan Selim 2
Sultan Suleyman 2
The Treaty Of Tilsit
The War Of Tripoli
Treaty Of Bucharest
Treaty Of Edirne
Treaty Of Paris
Varna Battle
World War