Ottoman crimean war, Treaty of Paris : Ottoman Empire Ottoman History Ottoman Sultans Austria Turkey

Ottoman Crimean War

Crimean War ( 1853 – 1856)

The Ottomans’ weakness in the Middle East was thought to be filled with Russia and Britain.Czar Nicholas I of Russia described the empire as “the sick man” and offered Britain to participate it. Britain, having privilege at the commercial treaty of Balta Limani of 1838 signed with the Ottomans, did not accept Czar’s offer considering that Russia could become more powerful after a possible participation.

The invasion of Romania (Eflak& Bogdan) by the Russians started a new war between the Ottomans and Russia in 1853. Britain and France supported the Ottomans with their naval forces reaching close to Istanbul. Russia reacted this movement as the break of the Straits Protocol and destroyed the Ottoman navy at Sinop. Consequently, France and Britain signed an alliance with the Ottomans and declared war in 1854. The Russia’s movement through Danube disturbed Austria. Austria took Romania (Eflak & Bogdan) from Russia and invaded the area temporarily, agreeing with the Ottomans. The allied forces, then, took Sebastopol and Russia constrained to end the war.

According to the “Treaty of Paris” of 1856;

Romania (Eflak & Bogdan) gained autonomy

The Black Sea were closed to all, even to the Ottoman and Russian naval vessels.

The Black sea became neutral.

The Straits Protocol of 1841 was again accepted.

The Ottoman state considered as European and might benefit from the European countries’ laws.

Even though the Ottomans were on the allied side, the conditions of the treaty were not by the Ottomans. Britain and France guaranteed to secure the Mediterranean market and colonies’ road against Russia with the strait clause. Also, “Islahat Fermani” reformation of 1856, as the continuation of Tanzimat, signed just before the Treaty of Paris achieved the possibility European’s interference to the Ottomans’ internal affairs with its clauses that gave rights to non-Muslims and equalisation of non-Muslims with Muslims.

Abdulmecid I died in 1861. As he was educated with European culture, he supported faithfully for “westernisation” and positioned talented administrators such as Mustafa Resid Pasha. Abdulaziz, the son of Mahmut II, enthroned with the death of Abdulmecid I

See Also...
Abdulhamit 2
Abdulmecid I
Ahmet I
Ankara Battle
Balkan War
British Settlement In Egypt
Bulgaria Kingdom
Caldiran War
Conquest Of Edirne
Conquest Of Istanbul
Egypt Rebellion
Ertugrul Gazi
Fatih Sultan Mehmet
Foundation Of The Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kabakci Mustafa Event
Kanuni Sultan Suleyman
Kingdom Of Bulgaria
Kosova Battle
Kosovo Battle I
London Convention
Mahmut 2
Mehmet 6 Vahdettin
Mehmet Sultan
Mehmet V Resat
Mercidabik War
Murat 1
Murat 2
Murat Sultan
Murat V
Mustafa I
Mustafa Iv
Nigbolu Battle
Orhan Bey
Osman Bey
Ottoman Austria
Ottoman Crete
Ottoman Crimean War
Ottoman Egypt Rebellion
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire Decline
Ottoman Empire History
Ottoman Empire Military
Ottoman Empire Russia War
Ottoman Empire Sultan
Ottoman Empire Timeline
Ottoman Empire Timeline Murat 1
Ottoman Empire Wars
Ottoman Habsburg Wars
Ottoman Iran Wars
Ottoman Persia Wars
Ottoman Persian Wars
Ottoman Poland
Ottoman Russia Relations
Ottoman Russian War
Ottoman Sultan
Ottoman Sultan And Ottoman Wars
Ottoman Sultan Nayezid
Ottoman Sultan Osman
Ottoman Sultans
Ottoman Tunisia Occupation
Ottoman Venice
Ottoman Victory
Ottoman War
Ottoman Wars
Ottomans And Osman Bey
Ottomans Mehmet
Ridaniye War
Second Siege Of Vienna
Seizure Of Egypt
Sirpsindigi Battle
Straits Protocol
Sultan Ahmet 2
Sultan Bayezid
Sultan Mehmet 3
Sultan Murat 3
Sultan Murat 4
Sultan Mustafa
Sultan Nayezid
Sultan Osman
Sultan Osman 2
Sultan Selim
Sultan Selim 1
Sultan Selim 2
Sultan Suleyman 2
The Treaty Of Tilsit
The War Of Tripoli
Treaty Of Bucharest
Treaty Of Edirne
Treaty Of Paris
Varna Battle
World War